By Alan Poole, George B. Leslie
First released in 1989, this publication recognizes that new medicinal drugs, foodstuff ingredients and different compounds have to be rigorously screened for poisonous side-effects. the majority of this learn is dedicated to the sensible questions of 'what toxicological reports may still we perform?' and 'how should still we practice them?' Compounds which endure toxicity checking out will be very easily labeled as these that are meant for management to guy and people which aren't. the previous contain prescribed drugs for use medicinally or prophylactically and chemical compounds that are extra to our nutrition, beverages or medication to enhance their balance, visual appeal or palatability. because it is on prescription drugs that the main entire toxicological reviews are regularly played, this e-book has been directed basically in the direction of to toxicological review of power new medicinal drugs. the rules and method of toxicological assessment of different sorts of compounds are basically comparable.
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Additional resources for A Practical Approach to Toxicological Investigations
First it must be recognised that the dosing is not very accurate. Often animals are not caged singly so that the best estimate of the amount they have eaten can only be the mean for the cage. Another problem is that very few drugs have no taste - pleasant or unpleasant. The taste of a drug can influence the amount of food consumed and it is well established that the dietary intake of an animal plays an important role in its health, survival and rate of tumour incidence. g. clinical chemistry parameters (see Chapter 5), thereby possibly giving a false indication of a toxicological response.
Each parameter should be monitored automatically at set time points. m. m. ) cycle. 5—8 m2 if housed singly or 10-40 m2 if multiple housing is used (dependent on size of dog). The minimum pen height should be 2 m. On receipt of dogs, a thorough veterinary examination of each animal should be undertaken as well as the usual microbiological and other health checks. As a precaution it is usual to treat the animals with an anthelmintic before undertaking any pretest analysis of blood and urine samples.
G. g. OECD Principles of Good Laboratory Practice, Implementation of Good Laboratory Practice and Guidelines of National GLP Inspection and Study Audits. There is no doubt that GLP has been instrumental in preventing many of the malpractices operating in some laboratories prior to its introduction. Thus it has achieved its ultimate purpose of protecting health. Unfortunately there has been a tendency to make GLP complex and cumbersome, while the multiplication of GLP regulations has made international harmonisation difficult.