Download e-book for kindle: Advice To A Young Scientist (Alfred P. Sloan Foundation by P. B. Medawar

By P. B. Medawar

To these drawn to a lifestyles in technological know-how, Sir Peter Medawar, Nobel laureate, deflates the myths of invincibility, superiority, and genius; as an alternative, he demonstrates it's common feel and an inquiring brain which are necessary to the scientist’s calling. He deflates the myths surrounding scientists—invincibility, superiority, and genius; as a substitute, he argues that it's normal feel and an inquiring brain which are necessary to the make-up of a scientist. He supplies many wry observations on easy methods to decide on a examine subject, find out how to get alongside wih collaborators and older scientists and directors, how (and how no longer) to provide a systematic paper, and the way to deal with culturally ”superior” experts within the arts and arts.

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5 '! But Thomas Sprat was not one to believe that applied science could get on without a background of experimental philosophy: "The surest increase remaining to be made in the manual arts, is to be performed by the conduct of experimental philosophy .... "• It may strike a jarring note if I add that earlier in his History Sprat had said: "The first thing 5. Thomas Sprat, The History of the Royal Society of London for the proving of Natural Knowledge, 1667, p. 392. 6. , p. 393. /~­ j Aspects of Scientific Life and Manners I 47 that ought to be improved in the English nation is their industry ....

I still vividly remember a most miserable time during which I believed that I had committed and sent to press a really serious factual blunder about the existence in white guinea pigs' skin of a nonpigmentary analogue of cells that in colored animals would have been manufacturing pigments. I still remember, too, my gratitude to a young colleague who went over the ground again with great care and set my mind at rest. This 38 ;I i: I ADVICE TO A YOUNG SCIENTIST reassuring action depended upon the use of a microanatomical technique which required that a certain treatment should be administered to a tissue for twenty-four hours.

The jargon of nationalism is not part of the scientific vernacular. After a scientific lecture, no one ever hears it said: "Of course, 1. Nothing illustrates the importance attached to German chemistry more clearly than the fact that the study of German was for many years compulsory for would~be chemists. ':ew York-the nationality of the inmates is of little account and is seldom thought of. The numerical preponderance of Americans, their great generosity in funding research all over the world and in organizing conferences has brought it about that broken English is the international language of science.

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