By K.P. Prabhakaran Nair
Often called the "King" of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and the "Queen" of spices, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M.), either perennial plants of the tropics, are an important and most generally wanted spice plants of the area. They either have many makes use of, for instance, either are used as flavourings and as a drugs. This booklet presents a accomplished assessment of those vitally important spice vegetation, covering beginning, historical past, geographical distribution, creation, financial system and their makes use of. Discusses the 2 significant spices of serious monetary worth to the constructing global. the writer is an eminent scientist who has received quite a few awards for his paintings during this area. Read more...
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Extra resources for Agronomy and economy of black pepper and cardamom
8, is ideal for pepper (Zaubin and Robbert, 1979). In general, pepper soils in Indonesia are poor in fertility, texture, and structure and low in organic matter. The two main peppergrowing areas—Bangka and west Kalimantan—have poor, reddish brown, and sandy soil. Soils in Lampung are reddish brown latosols and contain more organic matter than the soils of Bangka. In Indonesia, the planting material is made up of cuttings from orthotropic shoots. 7 A field view of an Indonesian pepper plantation.
Holes are dug and about 85 g of manure are placed about 20 cm away from the main stem of the vine. This is done once in a 2-month period. Some farmers dig trenches all around the vines and put large quantities of manure once in 2 months. Of late, sterilized animal meat and bone meal admixture, fortified with potassium, are gaining popularity as an organic manure. ” For this, forests are first cleared; then, soil from vacant patches is spread on top of the heaped vegetation, the heap is set on fire, and the fire is allowed to slowly burn for 2–3 weeks.
Extend to other areas, such as susceptibility/resistance to specific pests and diseases. These are the areas that deserve thorough scientific scrutiny before value judgment can be made on the suitability or otherwise of growing companion crops with the main crop of pepper. 6 shows a field view of an Indian pepper plantation. 2 The Indonesian Experience Within Asia, next to India, Indonesia is the major pepper grower. Pepper was the first spice Indonesia traded with Europe through Persia and Arabia and prior to World War II, 80% of world production was controlled by Indonesia.