Get Agronomy and economy of black pepper and cardamom PDF

By K.P. Prabhakaran Nair

Often called the "King" of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and the "Queen" of spices, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M.), either perennial plants of the tropics, are an important and most generally wanted spice plants of the area. They either have many makes use of, for instance, either are used as flavourings and as a drugs. This booklet presents a accomplished assessment of those vitally important spice vegetation, covering Read more...


referred to as the 'King' of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum L) and the 'Queen' of spices, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M), either perennial plants of the tropics, are crucial and so much widely Read more...

Show description

Read Online or Download Agronomy and economy of black pepper and cardamom PDF

Best crop science books

New PDF release: Integrated plant nutrient management in sub-Saharan Africa:

Soil degradation and nutrient depletion became critical threats to agricultural productiveness in Africa. Soils can't offer the amounts of foodstuff required and yield degrees decline quickly as soon as cropping commences. This e-book addresses those matters and comprises papers from a world symposium held at Cotonou, Benin, October 9-12, 2000, equipped by way of the foreign Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria and the dept of Land administration of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium.

Rice Quality: A guide to rice properties and analysis by Kshirod R Bhattacharya PDF

Rice is an specific and hugely major crop, concept to aid feed approximately part the planet each day. An knowing of its homes and their importance is vital for the supply of top of the range items, especially as foreign rice alternate has been expanding quickly in recent times.

Download PDF by Opender Koul: Insect antifeedants

Dependence upon neurotoxic chemical compounds as a way to manage pest bugs has result in a number of difficulties: environmental dangers linked to broad-spectrum insecticides, adverse affects on non-target organisms corresponding to ordinary enemies and pollinators, and the improvement of resistance to those chemical substances between goal species.

Climate change and cotton production in modern farming - download pdf or read online

In the course of the international cotton is extensively tailored to transforming into in temperate, sub-tropical, and tropical environments, yet this can be challenged by means of destiny weather swap. creation may be at once suffering from alterations in crop photosynthesis and water use because of emerging CO2 and adjustments in local temperature styles.

Extra resources for Agronomy and economy of black pepper and cardamom

Sample text

8, is ideal for pepper (Zaubin and Robbert, 1979). In general, pepper soils in Indonesia are poor in fertility, texture, and structure and low in organic matter. The two main peppergrowing areas—Bangka and west Kalimantan—have poor, reddish brown, and sandy soil. Soils in Lampung are reddish brown latosols and contain more organic matter than the soils of Bangka. In Indonesia, the planting material is made up of cuttings from orthotropic shoots. 7 A field view of an Indonesian pepper plantation.

Holes are dug and about 85 g of manure are placed about 20 cm away from the main stem of the vine. This is done once in a 2-month period. Some farmers dig trenches all around the vines and put large quantities of manure once in 2 months. Of late, sterilized animal meat and bone meal admixture, fortified with potassium, are gaining popularity as an organic manure. ” For this, forests are first cleared; then, soil from vacant patches is spread on top of the heaped vegetation, the heap is set on fire, and the fire is allowed to slowly burn for 2–3 weeks.

Extend to other areas, such as susceptibility/resistance to specific pests and diseases. These are the areas that deserve thorough scientific scrutiny before value judgment can be made on the suitability or otherwise of growing companion crops with the main crop of pepper. 6 shows a field view of an Indian pepper plantation. 2 The Indonesian Experience Within Asia, next to India, Indonesia is the major pepper grower. Pepper was the first spice Indonesia traded with Europe through Persia and Arabia and prior to World War II, 80% of world production was controlled by Indonesia.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.30 of 5 – based on 17 votes