By Roger Daniels
"Once i assumed to put in writing a heritage of the immigrants in the USA. Then i found that the immigrants were American history," wrote historian Oscar Handlin. Immigrants and generations in their descendants have outlined the yank kingdom from its starting and proceed to supply America's attribute variety, representing virtually each race, nationality, faith, and ethnic team all over the world. a few immigrants got here to the recent global looking for fiscal achieve. Others have been introduced in chains. nonetheless others stumbled on shelter in the US from non secular or ethnic persecution.
This single-volume encyclopedia comprises greater than three hundred entries, masking a number of points of immigration historical past and policy:
* ethnic teams, together with census and immigration records, significant classes of immigration and parts of cost, fundamental faith, and ancient background
* key immigration laws, reminiscent of the chinese language Exclusion Act, Immigration Act of 1990, and Refugee Act of 1980
* phrases and ideas, together with eco-friendly card, quota approach, citizen, naturalization, photo brides, and nativism
* different types of immigrants, together with refugees, indentured servants, youngsters, and exiles
* immigration stations: Angel Island, citadel backyard, and Ellis Island * non secular teams and church buildings, similar to Amish, Huguenots, Muslims, and japanese ceremony churches
* additional interpreting lists and cross-references stick to each one entry
An introductory essay offers a cogent review of the complete scope of the ebook. greater than one hundred fifty pictures and illustrations supplement the entries. Statistical containers complement the articles with key info. an inventory of immigration, ethnic, and refugee firms; a consultant to extra learn that comes with books, museums, and internet sites; and a close chronology finish this beneficial source for learn in American historical past, ethnic and multicultural reviews, and genealogy.
Oxford's pupil partners to American heritage are cutting-edge references for college and residential, particularly designed and written for a long time 12 via grownup. each one publication is a concise yet accomplished A-to-Z consultant to a huge historic interval or subject in U.S. historical past, with articles on key matters and well-known contributors. The authors--distinguished students famous of their parts of expertise--ensure that the entries are exact, updated, and available. particular good points contain an introductory part on how you can use the booklet, extra examining lists, cross-references, chronology, and entire index.
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Extra info for American Immigration: A Student Companion (Oxford Student Companions to American History)
48 • B A R B A D I A N S Barbadians 1990 Ancestry. a. Major periods of immigration: 1900-24, 1940-45, 1965+ Major area of settlement: New York City, especially Brooklyn Barbados is a small Caribbean island, 166 square miles, whose population of more than 250,000 makes it the most densely populated nation in the Western Hemisphere. It was uninhabited when the first British settlers arrived in 1627. Barbados was a British colony until 1966, when it became independent. Its linkages to the United States stretch back to the 17th century.
Assimilation in American Life: The Role of Race, Religion and National Origins. Oxford University Press: New York, 1964. Fortes, Alejandro, and Min Zhou. " In The Annals (1993): 74-98. Asylees An asylee is a refugee who applies for asylum—that is, legal entry as a refugee—even though he or she is already in the country, either as a legal visitor or illegally. The Refugee Act of 1980, passed in an attempt to regularize American refugee policy, was the first recognition of "the right of asylum" in American law.
The 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union set off sporadic warfare between them and neighboring Armenians, which may result in other refugees coming here. The Azerbaijanis are Muslims, divided between Shiite and Sunni branches. SEE ALSO Displaced persons; Displaced Persons Acts; Muslims; Refugees SEE ALSO Iranians FURTHER READING Smith, Peter. The Bahd'i Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. a. Major periods of immigration: since 1965 Major area of settlement: Florida Azoreans SEE Portuguese Bahais Bahais are members of a religion founded in Persia (now Iran) by a religious leader, Baha Ullah, and promulgated by his eldest son Abdul Baha.