Alessandro Minelli, Geoffrey Boxshall, Giuseppe Fusco's Arthropod Biology and Evolution: Molecules, Development, PDF

By Alessandro Minelli, Geoffrey Boxshall, Giuseppe Fusco

Greater than thirds of all dwelling organisms defined to this point belong to the phylum Arthropoda. yet their variety, as measured by way of species quantity, can also be followed through an grand disparity by way of physique shape, developmental procedures, and variations to each inhabitable position in the world, from the inner most marine abysses to the earth floor and the air. The Arthropoda additionally comprise essentially the most stylish and generally studied of all version organisms, the fruit-fly, whose identify is not just associated endlessly to Mendelian and inhabitants genetics, yet has extra lately get back to centre degree as probably the most very important and extra widely investigated versions in developmental genetics. This strategy has thoroughly replaced our appreciation of a few of the main attribute characteristics of arthropods as are the foundation and evolution of segments, their nearby and person specialization, and the starting place and evolution of the appendages. At nearly an analogous time as developmental genetics used to be finally becoming the most important agent within the delivery of evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo), molecular phylogenetics used to be difficult the normal perspectives on arthropod phylogeny, together with the relationships one of the 4 significant teams: bugs, crustaceans, myriapods, and chelicerates. meanwhile, palaeontology was once revealing an awesome variety of extinct types that at the one part have contributed to an intensive revisitation of arthropod phylogeny, yet at the different have supplied facts of a formerly unforeseen disparity of arthropod and arthropod-like types that frequently problem a straight forward delimitation of the phylum.

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Gene 505:57–65 Dopazo H, Santoyo J, Dopazo J (2004) Phylogenomics and the number of characters required for obtaining an accurate phylogeny of eukaryote model species. Bioinformatics 20(Suppl 1):116–121 Dove H, Stollewerk A (2003) Comparative analysis of neurogenesis in the myriapod Glomeris marginata (Diplopoda) suggests more similarities to chelicerates than to insects. Development 130:2161–2171 Dunlop JA (2010) Geological history and phylogeny of Chelicerata. Arthropod Struct Dev 39:124–142 Dunlop JA, Alberti G (2008) The affinities of mites and ticks: a review.

Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 109:1589–1594 Harzsch S (2004) Phylogenetic comparison of serotoninimmunoreactive neurons in representatives of the Chilopoda, Diplopoda, and Chelicerata: implications for arthropod relationships. J Morphol 259:198–213 Harzsch S (2006) Neurophylogeny: architecture of the nervous system and a fresh view on arthropod phyologeny. Integr Comp Biol 46:162–194 Harzsch S, Hafner G (2006) Evolution of eye development in arthropods: Phylogenetic aspects. Arthropod Struct Dev 35:319–340 Hejnol A, Obst M, Stamatakis AMO, Rouse GW, Edgecombe GD, Martinez P, Baguñà J, Bailly X, Jondelius U, Wiens M, Müller WEG, Seaver E, Wheeler WC, Martindale MQ, Giribet G, Dunn CW (2009) Assessing the root of bilaterian animals with scalable phylogenomic methods.

Rather than grouping branchiopods and malacostracans together (as in Regier et al. 2010), neural cladistics instead identifies Malacostraca as the likely sister group of hexapods (Strausfeld 2009; Strausfeld and Andrew 2011). In contrast to both of these resolutions, larger gene samples in EST analyses repeatedly resolve Branchiopoda as sister group to Hexapoda (Roeding et al. 2009; Meusemann et al. 2010; Campbell et al. 2011; Rota-Stabelli et al. 2011), although Cephalocarida and Remipedia were not sampled in those studies.

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