By Sarah Bakewell
From the best-selling writer of How to Live, a lively account of 1 of the 20th century’s significant highbrow hobbies and the progressive thinkers who got here to form it
Paris, 1933: 3 contemporaries meet over apricot cocktails on the Bec-de-Gaz bar at the rue Montparnasse. they're the younger Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and longtime pal Raymond Aron, a fellow thinker who raves to them a couple of new conceptual framework from Berlin known as Phenomenology. “You see,” he says, “if you're a phenomenologist you could discuss this cocktail and make philosophy out of it!”
It was once this straightforward word that will ignite a circulation, inspiring Sartre to combine Phenomenology into his personal French, humanistic sensibility, thereby growing a wholly new philosophical method encouraged through topics of radical freedom, real being, and political activism. This stream may sweep throughout the jazz golf equipment and cafés of the Left financial institution earlier than making its method internationally as Existentialism.
Featuring not just philosophers, but additionally playwrights, anthropologists, convicts, and revolutionaries, At the Existentialist Café follows the existentialists’ tale, from the 1st rebellious spark in the course of the moment global conflict, to its position in postwar liberation hobbies similar to anticolonialism, feminism, and homosexual rights. Interweaving biography and philosophy, it's the epic account of passionate encounters—fights, amorous affairs, mentorships, rebellions, and lengthy partnerships—and an essential research into what the existentialists need to provide us at the present time, at a second after we are once more confronting the most important questions of freedom, international accountability, and human authenticity in a fractious and technology-driven international.
Read Online or Download At the Existentialist Café: Freedom, Being, and Apricot Cocktails with Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Albert Camus, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Others PDF
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Additional info for At the Existentialist Café: Freedom, Being, and Apricot Cocktails with Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Albert Camus, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Others
He contrasted the Greeks with the Romans: “We need only remember the evil sophism by which, in the Eumenides, Aeschylus (by no means an isolated example) proves of how much less consequence the mother is than the father, in order to recognize the insulting contempt with which Greek civilization on the whole looked down upon women. ”17 part iii. the system in the bismarck period Lotze’s student Carl Stumpf, the later eminent Berlin psychologist, offers a telling glimpse into his teacher’s lecture hall, where generations of students took notes: Lotze almost always had two large lectures (in earlier years even three) per semester, mostly one in the morning, one in the afternoon.
In physiology, he described middle-range mechanisms of instinct and drive. In psychology, he elucidated functions of perception, cognition, and will in terms of bodily movements and intentions, such as responsibility in crime or beneﬁcence. In aesthetics, he coined the concept of empathy for those emotions that we experience as we feel our way into a work of art. 13 During 1856 to 1864, with ﬁve textbooks in medicine and philosophy behind him, he composed The Microcosm – An Essay concerning Humans and Their Relation to the World, which met with tremendous public reception through Russian, Italian, English, and French editions from 1856 to the early 1900s.
Lotze remained cordial with but distant from his brother Robert, an apothecary. 12 A shy family man, he seldom ventured out and preferred to ﬁnd relief in his garden, where he loved to trim the fruit trees. Though infrequently seen at social functions, he and Ferdinande did host his favorite students on Tuesday evenings at a family dinner. Ferdinande died in 1875, and a niece took over his housekeeping. Depressed, he accepted a call to Berlin in 1880, where in 1881 he died at age sixty-four of pneumonia contracted 12 His mother’s request for the pension is found in BH.