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By Bharat P Singh

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Classification of a range of advanced biofuels and conversion processes. ) NExBTL H-Bio Green pyrolysis diesel Algal oil Lignocellulosic materials Advanced enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation b Gasification and synthesis Vegetable oils and animal fats Lignocellulosic materials Algae Hydrogenation (refining) b Pyrolysis Cultivation Biosynthetic natural gas (SNG) Hydrogen Lignocellulosic materials Lignocellulosic materials b Biodiesel hybrid ­combining first­generation with advanced processed biofuels Methane Biohydrogen Gasification and synthesis b Gasification and synthesis or a biological processes Major biological routes; bmajor thermo-chemical routes.

However, major technical and economic hurdles are still to be faced before advanced biofuels can be widely deployed at current oil prices. To address these issues, significant investment in research, development and demonstration (RD&D) funding by both public and private sources is occurring in order to develop pilot and demonstration facilities. However, much more investment is likely to be required in the near future if rapid commercial deployment of these technologies is to eventuate. The range of first-generation biofuels, particularly sugarcane ethanol, will play a continuing role in meeting future biofuel demands.

However, much more investment is likely to be required in the near future if rapid commercial deployment of these technologies is to eventuate. The range of first-generation biofuels, particularly sugarcane ethanol, will play a continuing role in meeting future biofuel demands. The transition to an integrated firstand second-generation biofuel landscape is therefore most likely to encompass the next one or two decades. The infrastructure and experiences gained from deploying and using first-generation biofuels can be transferred to support and guide advanced biofuel deployment.

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