By Robert E. Weir
In the USA, social classification ranks with gender, race, and ethnicity in opting for the values, actions, political habit, and lifestyles possibilities of members. so much students agree at the significance of sophistication, even supposing they typically disagree on what it truly is and the way it affects american citizens. This A-Z encyclopedia, the 1st to target type within the usa, surveys the breadth of sophistication strata all through our historical past, for prime tuition scholars to most people. category is illuminated in 525 essay entries on major humans, phrases, theories, courses, associations, eras, ethnic teams, areas, and lots more and plenty more.
This priceless set is an authoritative, interesting resource for in-demand info on key elements of our tradition and society and is helping researchers to slim down a wide subject. type is printed from angles that regularly intersect: via heritage, with entries similar to Founding Fathers, the commercial Revolution, Westward growth; via economics, with entries equivalent to Dot.com Bubble, Robber Barons, Chicago college of Economics, Lottery, salary Slaves, fiscal equivalent chance Act, inventory industry, Inheritance Taxes, Wal-Mart, Welfare; via social signs similar to Conspicuous intake, the Hamptons, WASP, Homelessness, Social mountain climbing; via politics with entries equivalent to Anarchism, Braceros, background starting place, Communist occasion, Kennedy kin; and during tradition via entries similar to state tune, the good Gatsby, tv, and Studs Terkel. type is additionally approached from ethnic, sexual, spiritual, academic, and nearby angles. precise good points comprise an creation, timeline, recommended studying according to access, cross-references, reader's consultant to themes, and thorough index. pattern entries: Immigration, schooling, hard work circulate, Pink-Collar staff, AFL-CIO, moves, nice melancholy, Jacob Riis, Literature, the Rockefellers, Slavery, song, Academia, relatives, Suburbia, McMansions, Taxation, Segregation, Racism, Ivy League, Robber Barons, Philanthropists, Socialites, faith, Welfare, the yankee Dream, Dot.com Millionaires, equivalent chance, Founding Fathers, salary Slaves, business Revolution, Capitalism, Economics, Appalachia, Horse Racing, Gender, Communist get together, kingdom golf equipment, faith, American Indians, Conspicuous intake, Studs Terkel, movie, Class-Consciousness, paintings Ethic, Media, tv, Puritans, Homelessness, prestige Symbols, Assimilation/Melting Pot, artwork, Westward growth, Poverty, the nice Gatsby, inventory industry, operating negative, Gated groups, the Hamptons, Social hiking, Crime, Lottery, Elitism, WASP, American Dream, Noam Chomsky, Fortune Magazine
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Additional info for Class in America [Three Volumes]: An Encyclopedia
Old-money families have historically looked down on individuals or families who have become newly wealthy through achievement. ★ 7 8 ★ ADAMS FAMILY Leaders in American society have historically been considered those with ascribed upper-class status. These leaders included government officials (including the Founding Fathers), professors, and scientists. Groups who have traditionally been ascribed lower-class status are minorities, immigrants, the working classes, single mothers, the mentally ill, and the disabled.
To create a need where there is none, advertisers often show an ideal standard of living when the product is used, suggesting social and economic upward mobility. This is one of the most common types of advertising, promising heightened social status by promising acceptance in the higher group. This type of advertising may also suggest the acquisition of everything that is perceived to go along with the higher status, such as wealth, beauty, and leisure, when a particular product is purchased. Luxury car ads are particularly adept at this type of persuasion.
The Abbotts, however, grew up in a household that rejected essentialist arguments about character, in part because their mother was an ardent suffragist and paciﬁst accustomed to challenging assumptions about human nature. Edith attended Browning Hall, a boarding school in Omaha, and then took up teaching because the family could not afford to send her to college. However, despite these ﬁnancial limitations, she began taking correspondence and summer school classes at the University of Nebraska, obtaining a bachelor’s degree in 1901.