By Jutta M. Hartmann, Laszlo Molnarfi
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Additional resources for Comparative Studies in Germanic Syntax: From Afrikaans to Zurich German (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today)
This is illustrated below for the case-rich Germanic languages; the underlined subjects are all nominative: (66) a. Er ist ein guter Schüler / *einen guten Schüler. 30 (2049-2104) Halldór Ármann Sigurðsson b. Er iz he is c. Hann he d. Hann he a guter shiler / *a gutn shiler. nom / *acc er góður nemandi / *góðan nemanda. nom / *acc er ein góður stúdentur / *góðan stúdent. ; Comrie 1997; Bailyn 2001). Predicative case agreement is not confined to finite clauses or to nominative case. This is partly illustrated for Icelandic below: (67) a.
There seems no doubt that the object accusative in examples of this sort is a regular accusative, much as in subjectless gerunds and PRO infinitives: (38) a. Seeing me there suprised him. b. To see me there surprised him. On the relational view of the so-called ‘structural’ cases, the object accusative in all these cases is licensed by an active nominative case feature, even though the nominative is morphologically invisible. The same applies to the matrix accusative in examples like (38), where the gerund seeing me there and the infinitive to see me there receive invisible nominative case, thereby licensing the matrix accusative him (see Sigurðsson 2003: 248).
Sagnir með aukafallsfrumlagi (Verbs with a quirky subject). Íslenskt mál og almenn málfræði, 19–20, 11–43. Jónsson, J. (2003). Not so quirky: On subject case in Icelandic. In E. Brandner & H. ), New Perspectives on Case Theory (pp. 127–163). Stanford CA: CSLI Publications. Kainhofer, J. (2002). Monadische Akkusativ-Subjekt-Konstruktionen im isländischem (Monadic Accusative-subject Constructionen in Icelandic). Magister thesis, University of Salzburg. Karlsson, F. (1985). Finsk Grammatik (Finnish Grammar).