By Thomas Aquinas, Richard J. Regan
In the direction of the tip of his existence, St. Thomas Aquinas produced a short, non-technical paintings summarizing a few of the details of his large Summa Theologiae. This 'compendium' was once meant as an introductory instruction manual for college kids and students who will possibly not have entry to the bigger paintings. It is still the easiest concise creation to Aquinas's proposal. additionally, this can be very fascinating to students since it represents Aquinas's final note on those subject matters. Aquinas doesn't holiday new floor or re-think prior positions yet usually states them extra at once and with better precision than are available in other places. there's just one to be had English translation of the Compendium (published as 'Aquinas's Shorter Summa: Saint Thomas's personal Concise model of his Summa Theologiae,' through Sophia Institute Press). it's released by means of a truly small Catholic publishing residence, is advertised to the devotional readership, comprises no scholarly gear. Richard Regan is a hugely revered Aquinas translator, who right here will depend on the definitive Leonine variation of the Latin textual content. His paintings may be got because the most appropriate English model of this significant textual content.
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For, according to our way of understanding, the persons are related to the divine essence as existing subjects proper to the common nature. Therefore, in the first way of intellectual analysis, the common nature does not remain when the personal properties, which are the subsistent persons On the Relation of the Personal Activities to the Personal Properties The foregoing can also make clear the kind of relation by the intellect of the personal activities to the personal properties. For the personal properties are subsistent persons, but a subsistent person in any nature acts by the power of the nature when the person communicates it.
And so the common origination of the Spirit cannot be the first notion of the Father or the first notion of the Son. We conclude that the first notion of the Father is fatherhood, sonship is the first notion of the Son, and thatthe only notion of the Holy Spirit is procession. Therefore, we conclude that there are three persons constituting the persons, namely. fatherhood, sonship, and procession. And these three notions are necessarily properties. For what constitutes the person necessarily belongs to that person alone, since individuating sources cannot belong to several things.
Therefore, in order that the likeness of created things to God would be more perfect, it was necessary that some things were constituted better than other things, and that some things acted on other things by bringing them to perfection. Second, the diversity of things consists chiefly of the diversity of forms. But formal diversity is by contrariety, since a genus is divided into different species by contrary specific differences, and there needs to be an order in contrariety, since one or the other of contraries is always more perfect.