Read e-book online Concepts of Simultaneity: From Antiquity to Einstein and PDF

By Max Jammer

Max Jammer's Concepts of Simultaneity provides a accomplished, available account of the ancient improvement of a major and debatable concept—which performed a serious function in starting up smooth theoretical physics—from the times of Egyptian hieroglyphs via to Einstein's paintings in 1905, and past. starting with using the concept that of simultaneity in old Egypt and within the Bible, the examine discusses its function in Greek and medieval philosophy in addition to its value in Newtonian physics and within the principles of Leibniz, Kant, and different classical philosophers. The significant subject of Jammer's presentation is a serious research of using this idea through philosophers of technological know-how, like Poincaré, and its major position in inaugurating smooth theoretical physics in Einstein's distinctive conception of relativity. specific awareness is paid to the philosophical challenge of even if the proposal of far away simultaneity offers a authentic truth or just a hypothetical conference. The learn concludes with an research of simultaneity's value ordinarily relativity and quantum mechanics.

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19 18 H. Diels, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker (Berlin: Weidmannsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1956), vol. 2, p. 203; K. Freeman, Ancilla to the Pre-Socratic Philosophers (Oxford: Blackwell, 1956), p. 117. 19 B. Russell, Our Knowledge of the External World (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1926), p. 183. 24 Concepts of Simultaneity Not surprisingly, therefore, Zeno’s four arguments became the subject of numerous critical commentaries,20 but their implicit, yet crucial dependence on the notion of simultaneity has hardly, if ever, been recognized or noted by their commentators.

Plato’s ontology acknowledged not only the existence of a world of immutable and timeless Forms or Ideas, as they exist for example in mathematics, each of which has the characteristics of Parmenides’ “Being,” but also a world of impermanent sensible things that are patterned after their Forms. Thus, time is defined as the image of eternity. The question of how things partake of their ideas was a central topic in Plato’s dialogue Parmenides. ” “No,” is the objection, “for it [the 45 M. ” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 52, 113–135 (1970) (emphasis added).

8, pp. 369–379, or by K. von Fritz in Paulys Realencyclopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft (München: Druckenmüller, 1972), vol. 19, pp. 58–83; A. Grünbaum, Modern Science and Zeno’s Paradoxes (Middletown, Connecticut: 1967); W. C. ), Zeno’s Paradoxes (Indianapolis, Indiana: Bobbs-Merrill, 1967). 21 Aristotle, The Physics 239 b 11–13. , 233 a 21. ” See R. G. ”, Nous 5, pp. 39–42 (1971). 24 Aristotle, The Physics 239 b 14–19. 31. Concept of Simultaneity in Antiquity A B C 25 D...................................

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