By Chandra Lekha Sriram
This publication examines what makes responsibility for past violations roughly attainable for transitional regimes to accomplish. It heavily examines the opposite important targets of such regimes opposed to which responsibility is frequently balanced. the choices on hand are usually not easily prosecution or pardon, because the such a lot heated polemics of the controversy over transitional justice recommend, yet a number strategies from entire amnesty via fact commissions and lustration or purification to prosecutions. The query, then, isn't even if responsibility may be completed, yet what measure of responsibility should be completed by way of a given country.The concentration of the ebook is at the politics of transition: what makes responsibility roughly possible and what suggestions are deployed by way of regimes to accomplish higher responsibility (or however, higher reform). the result's a extra nuanced knowing of different stipulations and percentages that international locations face, and the lesson that there's no one-size-fits-all prescription that may be passed to transitional regimes.
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Additional resources for Confronting Past Human Rights Violations: Justice vs. Peace in Times of Transition (The Cass Series on Peacekeeping)
34; it is also attributed to Thomas Nagel’s remarks in Aspen Institute, Justice and Society Program, State Crimes: Punishment or Pardon? (Wye Center, CO: Aspen Institute, 1989); see also Priscilla Hayner, ‘Fifteen truth commissions—1974 to 1994: A Comparative Study’, Human Rights Quarterly, 16 (1994), pp. 607–9; and Hayner, Unspeakable Truths: Confronting State Terror and Atrocity (London: Routledge, 2000). But see Benomar, ‘Justice After Transitions’, p. 10; Minow, Between Vengeance and Forgiveness, pp.
In many countries opposition was led by political parties, or human rights NGOs, or church groups, placing pressure at pivotal moments on repressive regimes. Finally, international/external factors. Not only international involvement in a conflict and its resolution, but also shifts in the structure of international politics, may affect the nature of transitions. 9 Regimes may change because the external environment has changed (for example, a patron ceases to support a repressive regime), in part as a result of shifting norms, or examples set by neighbours, in response to pressure such as aid conditionality, or because of the forces of transnational non-state actors.
See also Nordlinger, Soldiers in Politics, pp. 66–71, arguing that these corporate interests include budgetary support, military autonomy, absence of functional rivals and the survival of the military. Finer, The Man on Horseback, pp. 55–63. Finer, The Man on Horseback, pp. 64–6. Finer, The Man on Horseback, pp. 79–80. Finer, The Man on Horseback, p. 174. Zolberg, ‘Military Intervention in the New States of Tropical Africa: Elements of Comparative Analysis’. See also Bienen, Armies and Parties in Africa (New York: Africana Publishing, 1978), arguing that the real impetus for a return to civilian rule is the internal fragmentation of the military.