By N Maxted, B Ford-Lloyd, S.P. Kell, J Iriondo, E Dulloo, J Turok
Crop wild kinfolk (CWR) are species heavily regarding crop vegetation which could give a contribution invaluable features, akin to pest or affliction resistance and yield development. those species are severe for making improvements to agricultural creation and lengthening meals protection. also they are crucial elements of common and semi-natural habitats in addition to agricultural platforms, and are consequently very important in protecting environment health and wellbeing. besides the fact that, CWR, like several different team of untamed species, are topic to an expanding variety of threats: habitat loss, degradation and mismanagement, over-collection and weather swap. via an exam of the nationwide, nearby and worldwide context of CWR, those authoritative reviews current methodologies and case reports that evaluation and supply concepts for worldwide conservation and use. issues variety from the institution of conservation priorities and methods, chance evaluate and genetic erosion and pollutants.
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Extra info for Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use (Cabi Publishing)
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) specifically focuses on agrobiodiversity (FAO, 2001), its objectives being the ‘conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of their use’. Article 5 states that each contracting party shall: ‘Survey and inventory plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, taking into account the status and degree of variation in existing populations, including those that are of potential use and, as feasible, assess any threats to them.
The major achievements of PGR Forum are summarized below. 2 Catalogue of crop wild relatives for Europe and the Mediterranean One of the primary objectives of the PGR Forum project was to create a webenabled European CWR database, incorporating baseline biodiversity data with current conservation and threat status for all the CWR taxa present in Europe. , 2005 and Chapter 5, this volume), available through the web-enabled information system, is one of the major outputs of the project. org. , Chapter 5, this volume).
The EPCS recognizes that Europe is rich in diversity of domesticated and economically important plant resources and their wild relatives. ). ). ). The Mediterranean region is a particularly rich centre of CWR diversity as it comprises or borders three important Vavilov centres of crop diversity (Vavilov, 1926). It is also the major centre of CWR diversity for important crops such as wheat (T. ), oats (A. ), white clover (T. ), lettuce (L. ) and sage (S. ). For each of these groups, the crop species and its wild relatives are found within the Euro-Mediterranean region.