Read e-book online Cultural Encyclopedia of the Body PDF

By Victoria Pitts-Taylor

Popular culture and the media this present day are saturated with the point of interest at the aesthetics of the human physique. Magazines and infotainment indicates speculate even if this or that actress had breast implants or a nostril activity. american citizens are usually not simply concentrating on celebrities yet on themselves too and this present day have extraordinary possibilities to transform what nature gave them. you will now drop in to have plastic surgery on the neighborhood mall. considering the superficial nature of all of it grows tiresome, and pa tradition vultures and scholars can get a greater repair for his or her fascination with the physique attractive in the course of the cultural perception supplied during this extraordinary set. Cultural Encyclopedia of the physique is a treasure trove of essays that discover the human physique alphabetically by way of half, detailing practices and ideology from the prior and current and from all over the world which are occasionally awesome and eye-popping.Body elements are tested via a multifaceted cultural lens. Readers will discover how the components are understood, what they suggest to disparate societies, how they're controlled, handled, and remodeled, and the way they're depicted and represented. The entries draw from many disciplines which are involved to a point or one other with human our bodies, together with anthropology archeology, sociology, faith, political background, philosophy, paintings heritage, literary experiences, and medication. The encyclopedia proffers info on a couple of cultures, tribes, and customs from East and West. historical practices to the newest fad, which in reality may proceed historic practices, are illuminated. different issues that come up within the essays contain comparisons between cultures, the altering perceptions of the physique, and problems with race, gender, faith, neighborhood and belonging, ethnicity, strength buildings, human rights.

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Founder of the Xia dynasty, Da Yu, marries a woman rumored to have tiny ‘‘fox’’ feet. This begins the history of footbinding. However, footbinding is infrequent until the end of the eleventh century CE. xxx CHRONOLOGY 2000–1400 BCE. Minoan women on the island of Crete paint their faces or wear makeup of some kind, and wear cloths wrapped around the waist under the breasts, which remain exposed. 1810–1750 BCE. Assyrian Law Code of Hammurabi makes references to eunuchs. 700s BCE to 1911 CE. Castration is practiced in China.

The other parts of the soul were also located in specific areas of the body. The Thymos, the source of emotion, was located in the chest. The Epithymetikon, the soul of desire and passions, resided below the diapragm, separated from both the Thymos and the Logos. Plato’s body/soul dualism was a major influence in the cultural history of the West, but Aristotle challenged it in fifth-century Greece. Aristotle’s rejection of Plato’s dualism followed from his assertion that form or soul was inseparable from matter or flesh.

De Gardanne coins the term menopause (m en espausie) in his dissertation on the subject. 1820–1906 CE. Life of Susan B. Anthony, American feminist, who decries the corset as an impediment to women’s equality. xxxiv CHRONOLOGY 1820s. English astronomer Sir John Herschel suggests methods for grinding and molding glass lenses to be placed directly upon the cornea. 1825. Clitoridectomy is first formally reported as a viable medical treatment in an edition of the British medical journal The Lancet.

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