By Steven D. Hales
This can be Philosophy: An advent bargains an engagingly written advent to philosophical suggestions that come with ethics, the lifestyles of God, loose will, own identification, philosophy of brain, and epistemology. Conveys the buzz and value of philosophy whereas explaining tough suggestions sincerely for the common undergraduate. hyperlinks all through to supplemental fabrics and freely to be had on-line fundamental sources
Features on-line pupil and teacher assets, together with a 175-question try financial institution and solution key, forty PowerPoint lectures, a word list, pupil comprehension self-assessment workouts, and extra. Represents a student-friendly but an expert advisor to the questions, difficulties, and nice thinkers of philosophy
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Additional resources for This Is Philosophy: An Introduction
2. Duration How long will the pain or pleasure last? Obviously, you want pains to be brief and pleasures to be long lasting. 3. Certainty or uncertainty How likely is it that the possible pain or pleasure that we’re considering really will occur? An action with a high likelihood of pleasure to follow and a very low risk of pain looks like a better choice, all other things being equal, than an action with a low chance of pleasure and a high risk of pain. When you’re playing cards, bet high on good hands.
There is also prejudicial discrimination, which is more pernicious. If one picks basketball players on the basis of skin color, or hires for a managerial position on the basis of religious beliefs, then that is treating people differently when there is no difference among them relevant to basketball or job performance. It is because those cases violate the principle of equal treatment that we tend to regard them as cases of immoral treatment. The problem for ethical egoism is that egoism counsels each person to treat everyone differently than they treat themselves, irrespective of whether there is any relevant difference.
Step one: prove that a perfectly good God exists. Step two: prove that there are no other Gods whose moral opinions we must also consult. That is, not only is your religion right but also everyone else’s is wrong. Step three: show how we can know what God’s moral views are. If you think that the Qur’an, the Bible, the Torah, the Upanishads, or whatever, are the word of the Lord, you’ll need to prove that. Or if you believe you have God’s cell phone number, and he’s letting you know what he thinks, you’ll need to show why you’re not just delusional instead.